Agriculture is the backbone of the Zimbabwean economy. It provides livelihoods to 80% of the population and accounts for 23% of formal employment. The sector contributes 14 - 18.5% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
and approximately 33% of foreign earnings. The future of Zimbabwe therefore lies in the development of a diversified, vibrant, competitive and efficient agricultural sector.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Mechanization and Irrigation Development is responsible for food security and the coordination of agricultural activities. It comprises of 15 departments and divisions.